More details on how to run a national presidential campaign can be found in this memo. Note: The number of votes cast is for the 2012, 2016 and 2020 elections. DC is counted as status for the purposes of this chart. However, The majority opinion of Assistant Justice Elena Kagan notes that the power to appoint a state legislator certainly gives her broad powers over her constituents: “Controls of a state`s power to appoint voters or to set conditions for appointment can theoretically come from anywhere in the Constitution,” and also notes that states cannot choose voters in one way or another. which would run counter to the equality protection clause or set conditions for the nomination of presidential candidates (the latter point could conflict with the presidential qualification clause in Article II, Section I).  Similarly, associate counsel Clarence Thomas states in her unanimous opinion that “the powers attached to the electorate are the responsibility of the states, provided that the Constitution does not abrogate or limit that power”; Thomas quotes Williams v. Rhodes said that state powers over voters “cannot be exercised in such a way as to violate explicit constitutional orders.”  Majority opinion also states that “nothing in this position should be done to allow states to link voters to a deceased candidate,” after finding that more than one-third of the accumulated infidel votes in the history of the U.S. presidential election were cast in the 1872 presidential election, when Liberal Republican and Democratic Party candidate Horace Greeley , died after the election, but before the Electoral College voted.  The highest electoral official in each member country designates the presidential slate with the highest national referendum as the winner of the national referendum. The Pact would no longer be in force if the total number of votes held by participating states fell below the required threshold, which could result from the withdrawal of one or more states, the 10-year redistribution of Congress or an expansion of Congress, for example by the addition of a 51st state. The pact provides for a deadline of 20 July for presidential elections, six months before inauguration day, to determine whether the agreement is in force for this particular election. The withdrawal of a state participating in the expiry of this period will not take effect until the next president is confirmed.
 In Nevada, the law passed both chambers in 2019, but was passed on May 30, 2019 by Gov. Steve Sisolak with veto.  In Maine, the law also passed both chambers in 2019, but failed because of the additional vote in the House of Representatives.  States where only one house has passed the law are Arizona, Arkansas, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Virginia.